On May 7, 2021, the Attorney General signed ATF proposed rule 2021R-05, Definition of “Frame or Receiver” and Identification of Firearms. The goal of the proposed rule is to ensure the proper marking, recordkeeping, and traceability of all firearms manufactured, imported, acquired and disposed by federal firearms licensees.
- Provide new definitions of “firearm frame or receiver” and “frame or receiver”
- Amend the definition of:
- “firearm” to clarify when a firearm parts kit is considered a “firearm,” and
- “gunsmith” to clarify the meaning of that term and to explain that gunsmiths may be licensed solely to mark firearms for unlicensed persons.
- Provide definitions for:
- “complete weapon,”
- “complete muffler or silencer device,”
- “privately made firearm (PMF),” and
- “readily” for purposes of clarity given advancements in firearms technology.
- Provide a definition of “importer’s or manufacturer’s serial number”
- Provide a deadline for marking firearms manufactured.
- Clarify marking requirements for firearm mufflers and silencers.
- Amend the format for records of manufacture/acquisition and disposition by manufacturers and importers.
- Amend the time period records must be retained at the licensed premises.
Firearm Parts Kits
The proposed rule explains that when a partially complete frame or receiver parts kit has reached a stage in manufacture where it may readily be completed, assembled, converted, or restored to a functional state, it is a “frame or receiver” that must be marked.
ATF is receiving comments on the proposed rule for 90 days from the date the proposed rule is posted in the Federal Register. You may submit comments by mail, fax or the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov.